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the autosomal chromosomes have thousands of your genes arranged on them but these genes are not able to determine sex, while sex chromosomes carry genes which specifically determine the sex that you are, eg xy males and xx females. The autosomal chromosomes have almost all of your genes on them. There are 22 pairs of them in every cell in your body (except sperm and eggs). Chromosomes can be divided into autosomes and sex chromosomes. The sex chromosomes (eg x and y in humans) carry genes concerned with sex determination. Autosomes differ from sex chromosomes, which make up the 23 rd pair of chromosomes in all normal human cells and come in two forms, called x and y. Autosomes control the inheritance of an organisms characteristics except the sex-linked ones, which are controlled by the sex chromosomes. theyre referred to as autosomes by means of fact they do no longer fluctuate from one yet another and distinctly lots anybody has them. The twenty third pair is made out of intercourse chromosomes. For adult men, there is an x and a y chromosome, for females there are 2 x chromosomes. The autosomal is all the chromosomes, except for the sex chromosomes. So, in a sense, the autosomal has nothing to do with the sex chromosomes. Summary of difference between sex chromosomes and autosomes an autosome is not a sex chromosome. Out of 23 pairs, 22 pairs are autosomes and only one sex chromosome pair. X is only present in ovum while both x and y can be present in the individual sperm. So these were the major differences between sex chromosomes and autosomes. autosomes are your body cells, which is every cells except eggssperm (gametes). The autosomes all have 46 chromosomes (diploid), which the sex chromosomes have 23 (haploid). Also, autosomes do not go through meosis, and sex chromosomes do- this is the process of cutting the chromosomes in half to make them 23. humans have 22 homologous pairs of autosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes. The main difference between autosomes and sex chromosomes is that autosomes are involved in determining the somatic characters of an individual and sex chromosomes are involved in determining the sex and the sex-related hormonal traits. What is the par and how do genes located in this region differ from those located on the rest of the x and y chromosomes? Par - pseudoautosomal region - a region on human sex chromosomes where genes show a pattern of inheritance that is indistinguishable from genes on autosomes.